How2Invest: Top Tips for First-Time Investors

Estimated read time 6 min read

So you’ve decided to start investing your money instead of letting it sit in a low-interest savings account. Congratulations! Investing is one of the best ways to build wealth over the long run. But getting started as a new investor can feel overwhelming. Where do you even begin? How do you know what investments are right for you? How much do you need to get started? Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. We’re going to walk you through the basics and provide some key tips to help you start investing with confidence. By the time you’re done reading, you’ll have a solid understanding of how to take that first step into the world of investing. Let’s dive in!

Getting Started With Investing 101

To build wealth over time, investing in the stock market is one of the best strategies. Where do you begin? Start with the basics.

Open a brokerage account. You’ll need an account to buy and sell stocks, bonds, ETFs, and other investments. Many major brokers like E*Trade, TD Ameritrade, and Charles Schwab offer free or low-cost accounts for new investors.

Determine your financial goals. Do you want to save for retirement, your child’s college fund, or a down payment on a house? Your goals will help decide how much to invest and what types of investments to choose.

Start with a small amount. You don’t need a lot of money to get started. Begin by investing $500 or $1,000 to learn the ropes. Then you can add money over time as you get more comfortable.

Consider index funds. For new investors, index funds and ETFs are simple, low-cost ways to get into the stock market. They provide broad market exposure so your money is spread across many companies and sectors. Popular index fund options include the S&P 500 and total stock market funds.

Review and rebalance. Check on your investments at least once a year to make sure your money is allocated properly based on your financial goals. You may need to rebalance by buying and selling certain funds or stocks to maintain the right mix.

The key is to start, even if it’s a small amount. Compounding returns and time in the market are the two factors that can work in your favor. With patience and the right strategy, you’ll be on your way to building wealth through investing.

Top 5 Investment Strategies for Beginners

As a new investor, the sheer number of options can be overwhelming. Here are 5 of the top investment strategies for beginners:

Index funds

Index funds track the stock market as a whole or segments of it. They’re low-cost, low-maintenance, and historically generate solid returns over time. A great set-it-and-forget-it choice.

Blue chip stocks

Blue chip companies are well-established, financially stable, and household names. Investing in stocks of companies like Johnson & Johnson, Coca-Cola, or Procter & Gamble is a relatively conservative long-term strategy. While higher risk than bonds, blue chips offer good growth potential.

Certificates of deposit

CDs are very low-risk investments where you lend money to a bank for a fixed period in return for interest. Your money is insured and CDs often have higher rates than savings accounts. They’re a good way for new investors to generate safe returns.

Government bonds

Bonds issued by stable governments like US Treasury bonds or Canadian government bonds are very safe investments with guaranteed returns. While yields are often lower, government bonds protect your principal investment and provide predictable income.


Robo-advisors are automated investment services that create and manage a diversified portfolio tailored to your goals. They do the work for you, from investment selection to rebalancing, and many charge low fees. Robots offer an effortless way for beginners to invest in the market.

With the right mix of these simple yet effective strategies, you’ll be well on your way to building wealth through investing in no time! Keep learning, start with small sums, and don’t get discouraged if there are bumps along the way. Staying invested for the long term is the key to success.

Frequently Asked Questions on Getting Started With Investing

So you’re interested in investing your money, but not sure where to begin. That’s normal—there is a lot to learn! Here are some of the most frequently asked questions from new investors to help get you started.

How much money do I need to get started?

You can open an investment account with little or no money. Many brokerages and fund companies let you open an account for free and have no minimum balance requirements. However, if you want to buy stocks, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), or mutual funds, you’ll typically need at least enough to cover the cost of one share. The good news is, for many popular securities, that can be just $5 or $10 to get started.

What types of accounts are there?

The two most common account types are brokerage accounts and retirement accounts like IRAs. A brokerage account lets you buy and sell investments for the short or long term. An IRA is a tax-advantaged account designed for retirement savings. Other options include 401(k)s, 529 college savings plans, annuities, and custodial accounts for minors. You can open multiple accounts to meet different needs.

What should I invest in?

For beginners, stocks, ETFs, and mutual funds are good options. Stocks represent shares of ownership in a company. ETFs and mutual funds provide instant diversification by holding a basket of stocks, bonds, or other securities. ETFs trade like stocks, while mutual funds are priced once per day. Index funds are a popular choice – they track a market index so they’re very low-cost and tax-efficient.

How often should I check on my investments?

For long-term investments, it’s best not to monitor them too frequently. While it’s fine to check quarterly or even monthly statements, avoid reacting to daily ups and downs. Stay focused on your long-term goals. For short-term money you may need within 5 years, check balances more often and consider moving money to less risky options as your timeline shortens.

The most important things are simply getting started, no matter how much you have to invest, and maintaining a long-term perspective. Take it slow, do your research, and don’t be afraid to ask questions. With time and experience, you’ll gain more confidence and become a savvy investor.


So there you have it, some of the key things to keep in mind as you embark on your investing journey. Start with the basics, keep fees low, diversify, and have a long-term mindset. Don’t get distracted by hype or rumor, focus on solid fundamentals. And remember, every expert started as a beginner at some point. You’ve got this, you’re ready to invest and build wealth over time through the power of compounding returns. Stay disciplined, review and rebalance periodically, keep learning, and stick to your plan. The hardest part is getting started, now you’ve started. Congrats, you’re an investor! Keep going and watch your money grow.

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